The festival of Govardhan Puja falls every year in the month of Kartik and on this day Govardhan Parvat is worshipped. Apart from worshiping the mountain, 56 or 108 types of dishes are prepared by people on this day and these dishes are offered to Lord Krishna.
Govardhan Festival Puja Date Timings
According to the importance of the Hindu calendar, Govardhan Puja is celebrated on the second day of the Diwali festival i.e. on Pratipada of Shukla Paksha of Kartik month. In the year 2021, this worship will be done on 5th November.
Govardhan Puja Morning Muhurta: 06:35:38 to 08:47:12
Duration: 2 hours 11 minutes
Govardhan Puja Evening Muhurta: 15:21:53 to 17:33:27
Duration: 2 hours 11 minutes
Govardhan Puja Story / History
There is a story behind celebrating Govardhan Puja and according to this legend, Lord Krishna had advised people to do Govardhan Puja. It is said that one day when Krishna’s mother Yashoda was preparing to worship Lord Indra, at that time Krishna Ji asked her mother, why is she worshiping Lord Indra? In response to this question of Krishna Ji, his mother told him that all the villagers and are worshiping Lord Indra Ji so that it can rain in their village. Due to the rains, crops and grass will be produced well in their village and due to this, the cows will get fodder to eat. On the other hand, listening to his mother, Kanha immediately said that if this is the case then we should worship Govardhan Parvat instead of Lord Indra. Because only by going to this mountain, the cows get grass to eat. This effect of Krishna Ji affected his mother as well as the people of Braj and the people of Braj started worshiping Govardhan Parvat instead of worshiping Indra Dev.
On the other hand, Lord Indra got angry on seeing the people of Braj worshiping Govardhan and he started raining heavily in anger. Due to heavy rains, the people of the village started facing a lot of trouble and these people went to Lord Krishna to ask for help. At the same time, due to continuous heavy rain, water started filling in people’s homes and they were not getting any place to hide their heads. To protect the people of his village from the rain, Lord Krishna lifted the Govardhan mountain with his little finger, after which the Brajwasis stood under this mountain. God had raised this mountain for a week. At the same time, when Indra Dev came to know that Krishna Ji is the form of Lord Vishnu, he realized his mistake and stopped the rain. After the rain stopped, Krishna Ji put the mountain down and he ordered the people of his village to celebrate Govardhan Puja every year, after which this festival started being celebrated every year.
Padwa and Balipratipada festival
Padwa and Balipratipada festivals are also celebrated in the state of Maharashtra on this day and the people of this state celebrate this festival in the joy of victory of Vamana, an incarnation of Lord Vishnu, over King Bali. At the same time, the Gujarati New Year also begins on this day.
Why Govardhan Puja Is Called Annakut
To perform this worship, Yashoda Nandan Krishna and Govardhan mountain are worshiped by making Annakut. Due to which this festival is also called Annakoot festival.
Annakoot is a type of food that is prepared using different types of vegetables, milk, and rice.
Significance of Govardhan Puja
Govardhan Parvat is worshiped in Govardhan Puja. This day gives the message that our life depends on everything in nature like trees, plants, animals, birds, rivers, and mountains, etc. Therefore we should give thanks to all of them. Mountain ranges and rivers are the main reason for the climate balance in India. In this way, this day expresses our feeling towards all this natural wealth.
On this day especially the worship of the mother cow is of importance. Their milk, ghee, buttermilk, curd, butter, and even dung and urine have brought welfare to mankind. In such a situation, the cow, which is considered equivalent to the river Ganges in Hinduism, is worshiped on this day.
Govardhan Puja is also known as Anna Koot. Bhandara is held in many places. Nowadays this Annakoot lasts for months. It is being celebrated like a party in the modern era.
Govardhan Puja Vidhi
Lord Krishna and Govardhan Parvat are worshiped on this day. Especially farmers do this puja. For this, Govardhan Mountains are made at the door of the house, in the courtyard, or in the field with the pure soil of the field or cow dung in the houses. And 56 bhog of Naivedya is offered to them.
- Bathing is done early in the morning.
- Fresh dishes are prepared in the kitchen of the house.
- The Statue of Lord Govardhan is made from cow dung in the courtyard of the house or in the field.
- Together with cows, buffaloes, farm khaliyan, bullocks, farm implements, milk curd and ghee, stove, etc. are made from cow dung or soil. Through this worship, all the things related to agriculture and climate, natural means are worshiped, so as much as possible is made and included in the worship.
- After this, the worship is done.
- Naivedya is offered.
- Aarti is performed by Lord Krishna.
- On this day the whole family eats together.
How to Celebrate Govardhan Puja
On the day of this worship, people make this mountain out of cow dung and worship it. Apart from worshiping, people also make bhog of 56 or 108 things on this day and offer this bhog to Lord Krishna Ji and Govardhan Parvat. However, before offering Bhog to Lord Krishna, he is bathed with milk and he is also dressed in new clothes.
Govardhan Parvat Parikrama
On this day many people circumambulate the Govardhan Parvat located near Mathura Vrindavan, Uttar Pradesh. Parikrama has a lot of importance in Hinduism. The importance of this circumambulation is more than worship at home.
Govardhan Puja Idioms
After breaking pride, Indra explained the importance of nature.
My culture is greatly taught us that cow’s value in every part of nature, bless everyone, respect, and respect
By becoming a cowherd of Gokul, he used to feed the cow daily, he was an incarnation of God, but the cow used to serve the mother, such a great festival that increased the value of nature.
Teri Leela Aparmpar
did you save everyone
You broke the pride of Indra
importance of Govardhan
You lifted the mountain on your finger
the true lesson of life
No one would have been great than the post
philanthropy is true knowledge.
Since then the festival of Govardhan Puja has been celebrated.
Enhanced the importance of rivers and hills.